Climate change endangers Egypt's Nile Delta

Egyptian farmers working the land in the Nile River Delta are facing increasing troubles as rising sea levels infuse the once fertile soil with dried salt. There are concerns that this might become worse over time if urgent measures are not taken to combat the rising seawater.

Farmers see their crops deteriorate from one year to the next. Some are switching to different crops. Many farms in the region used to grow tomatoes, watermelons, vegetables, and some field crops like beans. But due to climate change and increased soil salinity, the earth has become less responsive to their normal crops and many have had to shift to fruit trees as they are more resistant to the changes.

The Nile Delta covers roughly 240 square kilometres, starting just north of the capital Cairo where the river fans out, creating rich, fertile land by depositing silt along the its branches as they make their way to the Mediterranean Sea.


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