Turkey is one of the most significant countries in the world both for fruit genetic resources and amount of fruit production. Around 100 fruit species, including almost all the deciduous fruit species, most of the subtropical and some tropical fruit are grown in Turkey.
Among fruits, berry fruits including grapes have the share of 25% of total fruit production of the country. The most important berry fruits in terms of production after grape are strawberry (average 200.000 tons production annually) and followed by mulberry (70.000 tons), raspberry and blackberry (30.000 tons) and blueberry (5000 tons).
Compared to other major fruit species, the soft fruit culture in Turkey is relatively new. Although the production of berry type soft fruits such as raspberry, blueberry, blackberry, currant, rose hip showed a rapid increase during the last couple of years, it can be considered as still at the starting phase. Turkey has suitable ecological conditions and rich genetic resources for Rubus and Vaccinium and therefore has great potential for the expansion of these species.
Mulberries are cultivated throughout Turkey. There is no registered mulberry cultivar in Turkey, but each region has its own local genotypes which propagated by budding or grafting over many years. Mulberry production is common in Northeast, Southeast and Central Anatolia between 0 to 1500 m above sea level.
Normally speaking, only the North Eastern part of the Black Sea region has suitable soil requirements for blueberry production in Turkey. Most of the fruit production areas located in the Mediterranean and Aegean Region of Turkey have not suitable soil pH and require low-chill cultivars. However, growing the blueberries in pots by using special substrates make it possible to produce berry fruits in many different regions. Especially, blueberry production showed an rapid increase by using this method in the Mediterranean and the Aegean regions of Turkey (Antalya, Kutahya and Afyon).